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Program Resources

Translational Partnerships

Visit the Translational Partnerships page to learn about companies that participated in SPARC Phase 1 and their device information.

Other Transactions

Visit the Other Transactions page to learn about the guidelines and policies that apply to Other Transactions (OT) awards used by the SPARC program.

Outreach Activities

Visit the Outreach Activities page to learn about upcoming SPARC presentations, meetings, and other outreach activities.

Stage One of the SPARC Program

The first stage of the program supported five key SPARC Components:

  • SPARC1 mapped the connections among a variety of different nerves and organ systems
  • SPARC2 supported the development of new tools and technologies
  • SPARC3 supported translational partnerships for human functional mapping and new indications
  • SPARC4 created a rich public resource (the SPARC Portal, available at that provides scientists with cutting-edge information and tools for advancing bioelectronic medicine
  • SPARC5 supported anatomical and functional mapping of neural circuitry mediating visceral pain

Please be aware that some projects span multiple organs and other neural targets.

This page last reviewed on March 19, 2024