As biomedical tools and technologies rapidly improve, researchers are producing and analyzing an ever-expanding amount of complex biological data called “big data.” The Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) program is a trans-NIH initiative that was launched in 2013 to support the research and development of innovative and transformative approaches and tools to maximize and accelerate the integration of big data and data science into biomedical research. The BD2K Program also supported initial efforts toward making data sets “FAIR” Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable. Learn more about the FAIR principles.
Big Data to Knowledge Phase I & II
In its first phase (FY2014-FY2017), BD2K invested $200 million in grant awards to address some major data science challenges and to stimulate data-driven discovery. It focused on facilitating broad use of biomedical big data, developing and disseminating analysis methods and software, enhancing training relevant for large-scale data analysis,and establishing centers of excellence for biomedical big data. These awards will continue through award end dates, and lessons from this initial investment will help inform the second phase of the program (FY2018-FY2021).
BD2K has now entered a second phase that will focus on making the products of research developed in Phase I usable, discoverable, and disseminated to their intended end-users. In addition, the program will continue to pursue approaches to making biomedical big data Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable or “FAIR.” It will support the NIH Data Commons Pilot Phase, a trans-NIH initiative to test the feasibility of, and develop best practices for, making NIH-funded data sets and computational tools available through communal, collaborative platforms on public clouds.
For a summary of the BD2K program initiatives please see the 2017 BD2K Flyer.
NIH Data Commons Pilot Phase Explores Using the Cloud to Access and Share FAIR Biomedical Big Data
A data commons is a way to share and provide access to digital objects, like the data generated during biomedical research, or the software and other tools needed to use the data. A commons would help NIH extract more value from the digital products of biomedical research by making them available to more researchers. Using a cloud-based data commons model will empower researchers to find and interact with data directly in the cloud without spending time and resources downloading large datasets to their own servers.
The Data Commons Pilot Phase will include the following activities
- Establishing community-endorsed unifying principles and guidelines to govern how the Data Commons operates and what it means for digital objects in the Commons to be FAIR
- Developing and testing cloud-based platforms to store, manage and interact with biomedical data and tools
- Setting up the ability to access controlled-access data through appropriate authorization and authentication protocols
- Harnessing and further developing community-based tools and services that support interoperability between existing biomedical data and tool repositories and portability between cloud service providers
- Creating portals where users with all levels of expertise can access and interact with data and tools
- Learning by doing, which involves developing agile, iterative pilots of the Data Commons architecture/platform, testing its utility, troubleshooting, and retesting
- Analyzing and evaluating the products and processes of the Data Commons Pilot Phase for cost, utility, efficiency, usability, and adherence to FAIR data principles
The NIH Data Commons Pilot Phase is expected to span fiscal years 2017-2020, with an estimated total budget of approximately $95.5 Million, pending available funds.
BD2K is one of many data science-related programs at NIH. To learn more about NIH Data Science efforts visit the Data Science at NIH website.
This page last reviewed on April 11, 2018